Enabling students to use toolkits in open and flexible learning

Yousaf Khan
Allama Iqbal Open University
Islamabad, Pakistan

E-learning, e-education, and Web-based and online training and education refer to the ways in which students use ICT toolkits in order to have self-regulated, lifelong, continuous, open, flexible, blended, collaborative and distance learning.

E-learning requires the application of learning theories in order to accommodate diverse learning styles for training and education through synchronous and asynchronous modes of delivery in ICT or online and web-based constructivist learning environments.

The purpose of this study is to analyse different learning theories available in the literature on psychology, educational psychology, cognitive psychology, pedagogy, curriculum and ICT to find their application in ICT-based pedagogy or e-learning.